No AccessUrology PracticeWhite Paper1 Jan 2022

Current State of Advanced Practice Providers in Urological Practice

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This document provides an update to the 2015 consensus statement with new content on inpatient utilization, procedural data, and compensation. The full document is available on the American Urological Association (AUA) website ( This document was created by an ad-hoc group of urological providers formed by the AUA board of directors.


A workforce shortage of 65,000 physicians is projected by the year 2025. In 2018, there were 3.89 urologists per capita, which is amongst the most severe specialty shortages. Urology has the second oldest surgical subspecialty workforce with an average age of 52.5 years. According to the 2018 census, 72.5% of urologists used an advanced practice provider (APP) in their practice, and APPs accounted for 41% of a medical doctor/doctor of osteopathy full-time equivalent. The AUA endorses the use of APPs in the care of patients through a formally defined, supervised role with a board certified urologist under the auspices of applicable state law. This physician-led, team-based approach provides the highest quality urological care.


Urologists work with APPs frequently, but many may not know the most efficient way to incorporate them into their practice. This document examines APP integration from a regulatory and practice management approach, as well as provides information on inpatient utilization, procedural data, and compensation.


This document supports the AUA’s policy statement that in a team-based approach with a board certified urologist in a supervisory role, APPs contribute to the care of the patient with genitourinary disease and, therefore, encourages the proper use of APPs.

Submitted June 21, 2021.

The Authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

This study was deemed exempt from IRB review.

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