Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging Features Identify Aggressive Prostate Cancer at the Phenotypic and Transcriptomic Level
Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging is a diagnostic tool for prostate cancer with limited data on prognostic use. We sought to determine whether multiparametric magnetic resonance could predict aggressive prostate cancer features.
Materials and Methods:
We retrospectively analyzed the records of 206 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy between 2013 and 2017. All patients had available RNA expression data on the final pathology specimen obtained from a location corresponding to a lesion location on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging. The association between the PIRADS™ (Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System) score and adverse pathology features were analyzed. We also performed differential transcriptomic analysis between the PIRADS groups. Factors associated with adverse pathology were analyzed using a multivariable logistic regression model.
Lesion size (p = 0.03), PIRADS score (p = 0.02) and extraprostatic extension (p = 0.01) associated significantly with the Decipher® score. Multivariable analysis showed that the PIRADS score (referent PIRADS 3, OR 8.1, 95% CI 1.2–57.5, p = 0.04), the Gleason Grade Group (referent 3, OR 5.6, 95% CI 1.5–21.1, p = 0.01) and prostate specific antigen (OR 1.103, 95% CI 1.011–1.203) were risk factors for adverse pathology findings. The difference between PIRADS 4 and 5 did not reach significance (OR 1.9, 95% CI 0.8–4.5, p = 0.12). However, the PI3K-AKT-mTOR, WNT-β and E2F signaling pathways were more active in PIRADS 5 than in PIRADS 4 cases.
The PIRADS score is associated with adverse pathology results, increased metastatic risk and differential genomic pathway activation.
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