Before the AUA Urology Residency Match Program medical students and residency programs would pair up without the aid of a centralized system. We report the history and rationale of this program.


AUA archives regarding the AUA Urology Residency Match Program were searched. Interviews were done with physicians and AUA personnel involved in the creation/facilitation of the Urology Match, including Drs. Eugene Carlton, August Colenbrander and Carl Olsson, and Randy Berndt.


Before 1985 there were significant problems in the urology residency job market as a result of not having a formal matching system. An offer/counteroffer system existed that was inequitable, produced suboptimal pairings and created tremendous anxiety for applicants and program directors. The first AUA match was implemented in 1985. The match was done using a deferred acceptance algorithm, which matched applicants and programs according to preferences. Key figures who facilitated the match included Director of Education Dr. Eugene Carlton, Assistant Director of Education William Brubaker, Data Processing Manager Randy Berndt and Dr. August Colenbrander, an ophthalmologist who established the Ophthalmology Residency Matching Program. Although the Urology Match has been a success, a single mismatch occurred in 2005. Dr. Carl Olsson, the AUA Secretary, investigated the erroneous match and led a committee that initiated additional match safeguards. The AUA Residency Match Program has run smoothly since.


The AUA Urology Residency Match Program has taken away the problems associated with the offer/counteroffer system that existed before the Urology Match, setting into motion the career trajectories and lives of thousands of urologists.


  • 1 : How competitive is my surgical specialty?. Am J Surg2002; 184: 1. Google Scholar
  • 2 Shaw LH: AUA Residency Match. AUA Today, February 1990; p 5. Google Scholar
  • 3 : The origins, history, and design of the resident match. JAMA2003; 289: 909. Google Scholar
  • 4 : Conversations: a conversation between Darracott Vaughan and C. Eugene Carlton Jr. BJU Int2005; 95: 271. Google Scholar
  • 5 : William Brubaker 1931-2013. AUANews2012; 18: 35. June. Google Scholar
  • 6 Colenbrander A: August Colenbrander, M.D. The Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research Institute. Available at Accessed January 15, 2014. Google Scholar
  • 7 : AUA Residency Matching Program. : The Bulletin, Spring1985: 9. Google Scholar
  • 8 American Urological Association: Urology and Specialty Matches. Available at Accessed June 5, 2014. Google Scholar
  • 9 : Deferred acceptance algorithms: history, theory, practice, and open questions. Int J Game Theory2008; 36: 537. Google Scholar
  • 10 Executive Summary of Investigative Report. Student Doctor Network. Available at Accessed January 1, 2014. Google Scholar
  • 11 : The impact of residency match information disseminated by a third-party website. J Surg Educ2009; 66: 212. Google Scholar
  • 12 : The gatekeeper disparity—why do some medical schools send more medical students into urology?. J Urol2011; 185: 647. LinkGoogle Scholar
  • 13 : Recent trends in match process outcomes for U.S. senior medical students. Acad Med2003; 78: S6. Google Scholar
  • 14 : The urology residency matching program in practice. J Urol2000; 163: 1878. LinkGoogle Scholar
  • 15 : Resume fraud: unverifiable publications of urology training program applicants. J Urol2010; 183: 1520. LinkGoogle Scholar
  • 16 : What makes a medical student avoid or enter a career in urology? Results of an international survey. J Urol2005; 174: 1953. LinkGoogle Scholar
  • 17 : Financial and educational costs of the residency interview process for urology applicants. Urology2008; 71: 990. Google Scholar
  • 18 : Randomized evaluation of a web based interview process for urology resident selection. J Urol2012; 187: 1380. LinkGoogle Scholar
  • 19 : Predictors of success in a urology residency program. J Surg Educ2013; 70: 138. Google Scholar
  • 20 : The urology match as a prisoner's dilemma: a game theory perspective. Urology2013; 82: 791. Google Scholar